Hepatitis causes inflammation of your liver. There are several types of hepatitis, including type B. This profile evaluates your exposure to the hepatitis B virus.
Anyone who believes they may have come in contact with the hepatitis B virus. The disease spreads through contact with an infected person’s blood, semen, or other body fluid. Infection can occur by:
- Being born to a mother with hepatitis B
- A needle stick that was used on an infected person
- Unprotected sex with someone who has the virus
- Contact with blood or sores of someone who has the virus
- Sharing drug needles with an infected person
- Being tattooed or pierced with unsterilized tools on someone who has the virus
- Using an infected person’s razor, toothbrush, or nail clippers
Some people do not get symptoms, but those who do describe:
- Muscle soreness
- Stomach issues
- Loss of appetite
- Dark-yellow urine
- Light-colored stools
- Yellowish eyes and skin
These symptoms can begin weeks after exposure to the virus.
- Hepatitis B surface antigen
- Hepatitis B surface antibody
- Hepatitis B core antibody IgG
- Hepatitis B core antibody IgM
There is no preparation needed for this test.
Certain public health agencies require notification when this test is positive. They use this information to track emerging trends in infectious disease.
For more information on this test, go to labtestsonline.org